At its core, the Internet of Things (IoT) is the network connecting software-enabled smart devices. The IoT segment is being driven by vertical market applications for companies undergoing digitization for greater efficiency and transparency, as well as emerging applications such as smart cities, smart agriculture, tracking, automation, connected manufacturing, smart communication and more.

There are two type of connectivity requirements: those users that need to collect ongoing IoT and M2M data for information and data gathering (i.e. sensor, environmental, maintenance, surveillance, etc), and those that need the data for smarter operations and decision making (smart devices, smart city, tracking).

  • In the connectivity cases, emphasis is placed on affordable, ultra-reliable, low latency connectivity systems with greater transparency and ease of operations.

    The success of today’s organizations and service providers require networks that are easy to plan, install and operate, yet provide affordable connections made possible by highly efficient, small and very inexpensive satellite terminals with quick deployment for fast revenue generation and OPEX reduction.

    That’s why ST Engineering iDirect has launched flexible IoT Solutions to supplement our highly successful platforms and to ease the entry of service providers into the IoT market by reducing the upfront capital investments and operational complexity usually required to launch an IoT platform and service. Our IoT Solution provides customers with a complete connectivity solution that’s built on a flexible service enablement platform paired with IoT-as-a-service options for fixed and mobile IoT environments.

    Our solution serves a variety of connectivity needs for a multitude of markets and use cases.

  • Transportation, which includes land, rail, maritime and aero, is by far the largest satellite IoT vertical due to satellite’s reach, reliability, and added security benefits.
    Within the IoT Transportation, market cargo and asset tracking management applications are the greatest drivers, due to the growing number of sensors and terminals combined with the associated analytics and insights.

    Land Transport Use Cases:

    • Asset Monitoring: truck, trailer and cargo tracking
    • Fleet management: for delivery efficiency, fuel savings, idle time reduction, and payroll reduction
    • Telematics: measure driver performance, truck / engine health, cargo integrity, Electronic Logging Devices (ELD)
    • Mobile Workforce: capture and analysis of inspection of cargo and equipment

    Rail Use Cases:

    • Telematics: engine performance/health and fuel consumption
    • Cargo Integrity: temperature of food/perishable goods and hazardous material transport
    • Asset Monitoring: tracking railcar location and monitor critical component
    • Drone Beyond Line of Sight: for rail inspection

    Maritime use cases:

    • Vessel Monitoring: Maritime, Fishery vessel location, tracking and logging
    • Telematics: Vessel engine performance/health, fuel consumption, and cargo integrity
    • Cargo Tracking: cargo tracking for vessels traveling overseas, along coastal waters, or through shipping channels. Logistics & Supply
    • Safety: alarms, tracking, border security
    • Ocean Monitoring: water quality, wind, seismic data, fishing stock
  • Energy exploration, production, refineries and pipeline monitoring, SCADA services are largest use cases and drivers. Most of the IoT data collected today is used for real-time control or anomaly detection. The collected data is also being used for predictive maintenance or to analyze workflows to optimize operating efficiency by direct interactions, to control industrial processes and monitor, gather, and process real-time data.

    Energy/Oil & GAS Use Cases:

    • SCADA Pipeline Monitoring: visibility of flow meter, pressure and temperature readings along the pipeline
    • Equipment Telematics: event notifications based on user-defined thresholds and criteria
    • Predictive/Preventive Maintenance: optimizing asset performance management
    • Drone Beyond Line of Sight: for pipeline inspection

    Mining Use Cases:

    • Asset tracking: Trucks, trailers, and heavy equipment, engine hours, mileage report alerts, fuel consumption and location
    • Site Operations: Safety, security and focus on critical areas of excavation sites
    • Drone Beyond Line of Sight: for inspection, survey

    Utilities Use Cases:

    • Network Monitoring – Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA): Continuously monitor distribution network for voltage fluctuations, outages and peaks in service demand. Also applies to water flow and pressure
    • Advanced Meter Reading: replaces need for on-site technicians
    • Asset tracking: trucks & crews
    • Drone Beyond Line of Sight: for power line inspection
  • In Agriculture and Construction, equipment and resource management through sensor data collection and tracking are driving revenues and growth. Other basic requirements and use cases are telematics, meter reading, livestock tracking, weather conditions and employee tracking for safety and security.

    Construction Use Cases:

    • Asset Tracking: engine hours, mileage report alerts, fuel consumption and location
    • Site Operations: safety, critical area monitoring, track progress and security on site
    • Drone Beyond Line of Sight: for inspection, survey

    Agriculture Use Cases:

    • Precision Farming: soil, harvest and crop management, humidity, fertilizer monitoring and management, greenhouse management, open field management
    • Environmental: precipitation, temperature, humidity, CO2, wind speed, monitoring of power
      production/ consumption of solar panels
    • Water Telematics: visibility of flow meter, pressure and temperature readings, automatic irrigation control and monitoring systems
    • Livestock Tracking: visibility of herd management
    • Asset tracking: fuel consumption, maintenance and location transmission for tracking of light / heavy machinery, supports anti-theft and vandalism of security systems
    • Drone Beyond Line of Sight: for crop inspection, high value crop monitoring and maintenance
  • 5G will accelerate massive machine-to-machine (M2M) connectivity to support IoT, whether that comprises sensors, surveillance systems or automated teller machines (ATMs) across an array of converged connectivity platforms capable of bringing together some or all of the following: Wi-Fi, LPWAN, cellular and satellite (could be GEO, MEO and LEO). The use of a converged platform or hybrid network, from an integrator’s perspective, simplifies the solution building, reduces the overall cost of connectivity while increasing and optimizing the overall coverage capabilities. We believe that satellite will play an important role in the 5G-converged world not only for backhauling these massive amounts of data from aggregation points but with today’s innovations in space and ground segments the opportunity lies in providing affordable connectivity in remote places for both fixed and mobility use cases.

    Find out how ST Engineering iDirect is getting ready to support 5G.